WASHINGTON — U.S. private employers boosted hiring in November and wage growth appeared to pick up in the third quarter, signs of labor market strength that could support the first Federal Reserve interest rate increase in nearly a decade later this month.
The reports released Wednesday overshadowed data on slumping manufacturing activity and underscored the economy’s solid fundamentals.
“The data indicate a steady improvement in the labor market that should support the Fed’s confidence that now is the right time to hike rates,” said Thomas Costerg, senior U.S. economist at Standard Chartered Bank in New York.
Private payrolls increased 217,000 last month on top of the 196,000 jobs added in October, the ADP National Employment Report showed. Employment gains were fairly healthy across the board, with manufacturing rebounding from two straight months of shedding jobs. The sector added 6,000 positions in November.
The ADP report, jointly developed with Moody’s Analytics, was released ahead of Friday’s Labor Department’s more comprehensive employment report.
Though the ADP report isn’t considered a reliable predictor of nonfarm payrolls, economists said it was broadly in line with their expectations for solid job gains in November. According to a Reuters survey, nonfarm payrolls increased 200,000 in November after surging 271,000 in October. Job growth is more than enough to keep up with population growth.
The Federal Reserve has signaled its intention to lift its benchmark overnight interest rate from near zero at its Dec. 15-16 meeting. Fed Chair Janet Yellen told the Economic Club of Washington that she was “looking forward” to a rate hikeas that would be seen as “a testament … to how far our economy has come.”
The Fed last raised rates in June 2006. Market-based measures of Fed policy expectations assign a probability of 75 percent to the central bank’s raising interest rates this month, according to the CME Group’s FedWatch site.
The dollar rose against a basket of currencies, while U.S. stocks and government bond prices fell.
Labor strength, corroborated by a separate report from the Fed, should help ease concerns about the economy after a report on Tuesday showed manufacturing contracted in November for the first time in three years.
The Fed’s Beige Book of anecdotal information on business activity collected from contacts nationwide showed the labor market continued to tighten modestly between early-October and mid-November. It said several districts reported difficulty finding skilled craftsmen and general laborers in the construction industry.
A separate report from the Labor Department suggested wage growth, which has been frustratingly slow even as labor market conditions tighten, could be finally accelerating.
Compensation per hour in the third quarter rose at a 4 percent annual rate, and not the 3 percent pace the department had reported last month. Compensation was up a solid 3.6 percent from the third quarter of 2014.
Unit labor costs, the price of labor per single unit of output, were also revised higher to show them increasing at a 1.8 percent rate in the third quarter, instead of the previously reported 1.4 percent pace.
“The figures in today’s report support the idea that wage inflation has picked up lately,” said Daniel Silver, an economist at J.P. Morgan in New York.
While productivity growth, which measures hourly output per worker, was revised up to a 2.2 percent rate in the third quarter, the trend remained weak. Productivity was previously reported to have expanded at a 1.6 percent pace.
It increased only 0.6 percent from the third quarter of 2014, the smallest in nearly a year.
Economists blame softer productivity on lack of investment, which they say has led to an unprecedented decline in capital intensity.